By Ethan B. Katz
Headlines from France recommend that Muslims have renewed an age-old fight opposed to Jews and that the 2 teams are once again necessarily at odds. however the earlier tells a special tale. The Burdens of Brotherhood is a sweeping historical past of Jews and Muslims in France from global warfare I to the current. right here Ethan Katz introduces a richer and extra complicated global that gives clean point of view for figuring out the possibilities and demanding situations in France today.
Focusing at the stories of standard humans, Katz exhibits how Jewish-Muslim kin have been formed through daily encounters and by means of perceptions of deeply rooted collective similarities or transformations. We meet Jews and Muslims advocating universal and divergent political visions, having fun with universal culinary and musical traditions, and interacting on extra intimate phrases as buddies, acquaintances, enemies, or even fans and kin. Drawing upon dozens of files, newspapers, and interviews, Katz tackles debatable matters like Muslim collaboration and resistance in the course of international battle II and the Holocaust, Jewish participation in French colonialism, the overseas effect of the Israeli-Arab clash, and modern Muslim antisemitism in France.
We see how Jews and Muslims, as ethno-religious minorities, understood and on the topic of each other via their respective relationships to the French country and society. via their eyes, we see colonial France as a multiethnic, multireligious society extra open to public monitors of distinction than its postcolonial successor. This publication therefore dramatically reconceives the that means and heritage not just of Jewish-Muslim kin yet finally of recent France itself.
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Additional info for The Burdens of Brotherhood: Jews and Muslims from North Africa to France
Several proposals that advocated Muslims’ participation in the army as a civic entry ticket to French society faced stiff opposition. 26 French recruitment propaganda drew parallels between the battle against Germany and that of the Middle East Arabs against the Ottomans, and suggested that Muslim soldiers would earn civic equality. ”27 Over the next four years, French officials debated the question of naturalization for Muslim soldiers, particularly those of Algeria. 28 Even as major reform appeared imminent, Muslim enthusiasm for the war effort was far from universal.
Transnational Jewish and Muslim attachments were the most fiercely contested between the two communities. French foreign policy in the Middle East—from the country’s early support for Israel to its recognition of the Palestinian Liberation Organization in the 1970s—was rarely understood as evenhanded. Moreover, visible attachments to transnational movements and entities such as Zionism, anticolonialism, and Palestinian Arab nationalism have carried differently weighted meanings in France depending on time, place, and context.
64 From early in the war Jews’ and Muslims’ positions and relations were repeatedly articulated not only in colonial or religious but also racial terms. Even as they navigated racial stereotypes and legal distinctions, the majority of Muslims and Jews in the same units served as relative equals: ordinary soldiers without rank. 65 Given their frequent similarity in military status, Jews and Muslims in the same regiment regularly had to encourage, protect, or assist one another amid the chaos and brutality of total war, a context where interethnic differences hardly mattered.
The Burdens of Brotherhood: Jews and Muslims from North Africa to France by Ethan B. Katz