By Lisa Noelle Cooper, Karen E. Sears (auth.), Rick A. Adams, Scott C. Pedersen (eds.)
Recent advances within the research of bats have replaced the way in which we comprehend this illusive crew of mammals. This quantity include 25 chapters and fifty seven authors from worldwide all writing at the latest discovering at the evolution, ecology and conservation of bats. The chapters during this ebook should not meant to be exhaustive literature studies, yet as a substitute prolonged manuscripts that carry new and clean views. Many chapters include formerly unpublished information and are repetitive of recent insights and figuring out in bat evolution, ecology and conservation. All chapters have been peer-reviewed and revised by means of the authors. a number of the chapters are multi-authored to supply complete and authoritative insurance of the topics.
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Extra resources for Bat Evolution, Ecology, and Conservation
A. B. Shaw Fig. 1 During flight or gliding, the animal is free to rotate about, or translate along, each of three orthogonal axes originating at the center of gravity marked by the blue circle Middleton 2008) that bend and twist in unprecedented ways (Norberg 1990). Clearly the evolution and ontogeny of bat flight is challenging anatomically, physically, and behaviorally. 3 Growth and Development of Bat Wings Shaw (2011) quantified ontogeny of flight morphology in two phyllostomids (Artibeus jamaicensis and Carollia perspicillata).
13 Comparison of number of flaps achieved by preflight juvenile C. perspicillata in 54 releases hanging from a rod in a vertical body position versus 54 releases of the same individuals from a handheld horizontal body position. 51) from a vertically hung position, they had significant trouble controlling body-axis rotations, and on several occasions, individuals that became inverted (were falling upside down) would nevertheless flap their wings until they landed on the soft pad below (Fig. 12).
X Tamura K, Nomura N, Seki R, Yonei-Tamura S, Yokoyama H (2011) Embryological evidence identifies wing digits in birds as digits 1, 2, and 3. Science 331(6018):753–757. 1198229 Teeling EC (2000) Molecular evidence regarding the origin of echolocation and flight in bats. Nature 403:188–192 Teeling EC, Springer MS, Madsen O, Bates P, O'Brien SJ, Murphy WJ (2005) A molecular phylogeny for bats illuminates biogeography and the fossil record. Science 307(5709):580–584. 1105113 Thewissen JGM, Babcock SK (1992) The origin of flight in bats.
Bat Evolution, Ecology, and Conservation by Lisa Noelle Cooper, Karen E. Sears (auth.), Rick A. Adams, Scott C. Pedersen (eds.)