Download e-book for iPad: Aperçu d’une histoire de la langue grecque by Antoine Meillet

By Antoine Meillet

ISBN-10: 1108006671

ISBN-13: 9781108006675

The echoes of Greek are heard in lots of smooth languages. for instance, the summary vocabulary of the trendy eu languages derives principally from the vocabulary of the Greek philosophers and students, even if without delay or through Latin writers who have been knowledgeable in accordance with the Greek culture. First released in 1913, Antoine Meillet's background of Greek indicates how the language, derived initially from Indo-European, constructed through the years according to sociological and geographical elements. Meillet argues that its complexity is because of the consistent borrowing of vocabulary and grammar from modern languages and local dialects. regardless of - or due to - its versatile and ever-changing nature, and the shortcoming of consistency in utilization among person urban states, Greek ultimately turned the language of significant works of literature, philosophy and technological know-how.

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Dans ce me'me parler, le -5 final, en vertu d'un affaiblissement dont la forme est differente, a fini par se sonoriser en -p. 144 on Thu Nov 04 15:44:17 GMT 2010. 004 Cambridge Books Online © Cambridge University Press, 2010 28 PREHISTOIRE DU GREC wihor, d'ou wior qu'un observateur a note frtop, forme conservee par Hesychius; le (3 de cette forme qui note le F conserve en laconien montre que, dans ce parler, le [3 avait la prononciation spirante, generale maintenant en greo moderne. Quand le y et le w ont perdu leur sonorite, au moins en partie, c'est sans doute ce meme affaiblissement de consonne qui en a entraine l'amuissement.

La fin de mot n'admet pas d'occlusive finale en « grec commun » ; a l'imparfait Sanskrit dbharat « il portait », le grec repond par une forme depourvue de consonne finale, I^eps, et le vocatif de (J^avaij, (F)mxxioq, qui devrait etre *(^)avax-c, est simplement (/")czva chez Homere. Le grec n'admet pas non plus un y. final du mot; la ou le Sanskrit a yugam et le latin iugum, le grec a i^uyov ; un ancien *sem « un » est represents en grec par sv ; le v de ^8uv est aussi un ancien m, conserve du reste a Tinterieur du mot dans l'adverbe de meme famille ^OCJAXI; le Sanskrit a ksam- et le latin humus pour designer la « terre » ; le v de ^Oovog est du a l'influence de la forme du nominatif.

AvSpog, avSp! ou le S resulte d'un developpement secondaire; en face du lat. nepos, le grec a avet|no;. En face du lat. ; en face du lat. Trapos, etc. ait par F, Homere emploie librement la forme a F initial ou la forme a prothese, (F)ia(F)cq ou i(F)io(F)oq, (F~)£hx ou 4(>F)^5v«, etc. Ce trait, qui n'a pas de correspondant en armenien et qui apparait encore tout liquide dans la langue homerique, doit etre le plus recent de la serie. Devant les groupes de consonnes, l'armenien offre quelques concordances avecle grec; la principale est le nom de 1' « astre » : gr.

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Aperçu d’une histoire de la langue grecque by Antoine Meillet


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