By James Hole
During this Essay, first released in 1853, the Victorian social activist James gap bargains an impassioned defence of the only of the valuable items of early Victorian social reformism, the mechanics' institutes. aimed toward bettering the schooling of working-class males, ladies and teenagers, the institutes provided simple literacy education in addition to higher-level lectures on technology, the humanities, and undefined. This quantity, initially a prize-winning essay, outlines Hole's plan for making improvements to the efficacy of the institutes, which he observed as failing of their project of enlivening the minds of these whose basic labours have been actual. The institutes 'have validated the best of the folk to culture', gap writes, yet they'd but, in his view, to instil it. a massive paintings within the background of schooling, Hole's Essay presents revealing insights into social reformism and the complexities of sophistication politics in the move.
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Extra info for An Essay on the History and Management of Literary, Scientific, and Mechanics' Institutions: And Especially How Far They May Be Developed and Combined so as to Promote the Moral Well-Being and Industry of the Country (Collection - Printing and Publishing
For some years after the establishment of the London Mechanics' Institute, and its contemporaries, the desire to adhere to the objects first aimed at was reluctantly, but gradually, abandoned, as it was found impossible to carry them out. The most 10 " I t is by no means uncommon for professors who have not the attraction of novelty, or the advantage which I happened to enjoy, of coming from a great distance, to command audiences in this Institution as numerous as that above alluded to. The subjects of their discourses are various, such as Natural History, Chemistry, the fine Arts, Natural Theology, and many others.
We know instances, and they are not uncommon, when from want of knowing how to improve a leisure hour, women of the labouring class become disagreeably clean: cooking, washing, scrubbing, and rubbing, from Monday morning till Saturday night, their whole time is devoted to the worship (on their knees) of their household gods the furniture and fire-irons. Although this is a less evil than a literary slattern, yet for a human being gifted with faculties for far higher purposes, this is surely a melancholy perversion.
NEGLECT OF FEMALE EDUCATION. 37 The coarseness which the conditions of their birth and training, uncounteracted by any superior influence, too often induce, acts even more disastrously upon the character of their children than upon the happiness of the husband. The greatest educators have confessed, that all they could do was nothing compared with the influence of the mother upon the child. The greatest men the world has yet produced, have (with singular unanimity) traced the germs of their greatness to maternal influence.
An Essay on the History and Management of Literary, Scientific, and Mechanics' Institutions: And Especially How Far They May Be Developed and Combined so as to Promote the Moral Well-Being and Industry of the Country (Collection - Printing and Publishing by James Hole