By Terry Crowley
The languages of southern Vanuatu are structurally assorted from different Oceanic languages. Sye has an strangely complicated morphological process and it bargains a few typological surprises for Oceanic linguists. It differs syntactically from many different Oceanic languages of Melanesia in that it doesn't have frequent verb serialization, even though it, in addition to the opposite languages of southern Vanuatu, has constructed what might be often called a approach of "echo verbs."
This quantity describes Sye's phonology and morphosyntax in phrases which are meant to be available to fans of various linguistic theories, with massive exemplification of issues to permit linguists to reanalyze information in keeping with their very own theoretical interests.
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Extra resources for An Erromangan (Sye) Grammar (Oceanic Linguistics Special Publications)
Local preference rules out other unambiguous single-letter solutions to this problem, such as x or q. A recent proposal from Jerry Taki, the Vanuatu Cultural Centre fieldworker for Erromango, has been to unambiguously write this phoneme as c. Although there is no precedent in local usage for this choice, it does follow the established pattern on nearby Aneityum where the same sound in the local language is also pho? between from /k/. This proposal has therefore been adopted for the has also been introduced in a volume of vernacular stories and it present study, in the community (Crowley 1997).
Amples of initial /nC-/. The remaining examples of InC-l are evenly distributed among roots beginning with /nm-/, /np-/, /nv-/, lny-1 and /nw-/. roots can also begin with any of the following sequences: /pr-/, Non-verbal /mr-/, /kr-/, /kl-/, /ml-/, /mn-/, /mt-/, /sy-/, IXy-l and /sw-/. None of these clusters is attested inmore than a small number of examples, with the following representing an exhaustive listing for the corpus:3 /pruvyum/ 'morning', /prarjsis/ 'kind of chicken', /mran/ 'tomorrow', /krumporj/ 'kind of banana', /krirjrirj/ 'freshwater prawns', /klumit/ 'kind of fish', /mlam/ 'on and on', /mnam/ 'on and on', /mtavin/ 'name of village', /syame/ 'things', /sye ~ tye/ 'what', /swotu/ 'name of passage through reef', /swe/ 'throw off heavy load'.
The first paradigm involves an initial element which varies between (h)enog when the following element begins with k, and (h)en- otherwise. 1, except that the third person singular form ends in -i rather than *-iyi and the sec? ond person plural form ends in -kmi instead of *-kimi. 3). While historically only appearing before noun possessors, en has been extended to appear also before independent pronouns in Sye, with the resulting sequences being analyzed as single words. Note also that ^-initial pronouns involve the addi?
An Erromangan (Sye) Grammar (Oceanic Linguistics Special Publications) by Terry Crowley