By B. Andrew Lustig, Baruch A. Brody, Gerald P. McKenny (auth.), B. Andrew Lustig, Baruch A. Brody, Gerald P. McKenny (eds.)
The volumes of changing Nature examine the advanced ways in which options of 'nature' and 'the usual' are understood and the relevance of these understandings to discussions of biotechnology. quantity One, recommendations of 'Nature' and 'The traditional' in Biotechnology Debates, deals nuanced bills of the ways in which nature is invoked and interpreted, either descriptively and prescriptively, by way of varied disciplines, together with views from spirituality and faith, philosophy, technology and medication, legislation and economics, and aesthetics. within the context of that large dialogue, quantity , faith, Biotechnology, and Public coverage, stories fresh non secular and moral analyses of 4 particular components of biotechnology: assisted copy, genetic treatment and enhancement, human-machine incorporation, and biodiversity. It identifies and explores the richer normative topics that tell specific debates and indicates ways in which coverage offerings in biotechnology could be illuminated via devoting larger cognizance to spiritual views.
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Additional info for Altering Nature: Volume One: Concepts of ‘Nature’ and ‘The Natural’ in Biotechnology Debates
The rabbis asked the man, a farmer, why he interfered with the God-given state of his vineyard by fertilizing and weeding. When he responded that crops would not grow well without human care, the rabbis replied: “Just as plants, if not weeded, fertilized, and plowed, will not grow and bring forth fruits, so with the human body. ”24 The Bible and later Judaism mandate mitzvot (singular mitzvah, commandment) specifying responsibilities to treat the works of nature with appropriate respect. Deuteronomy commands that soldiers besieging a city may not cut down fruit trees (Deut.
The moral precepts of Buddhism are expressed in terms of what is to be avoided in the so-called “Five Precepts” (pancasila), which are directed to both monks and laypersons. One should refrain from: taking life, from taking what is not given, from sexual misconduct, from wrong speech, and from intoxicants. As Ninian Smart observes, the first precept, to refrain from deliberately taking life, is framed within two larger truths: “the sense of kinship with other living beings implicit in the doctrine of rebirth” and the nonviolent attitude (ahimsa) central to Buddhist understanding” (Smart, 1986, 66).
The perspective delineated here is relevant to two of the assumptions that accompany efforts to alter nature. One of these assumptions is scientific reductionism. Hindu myth grants that science correctly focuses on parts, but it is wrong when it makes the part into a whole. Over against this reductionist approach, Hindu mythos tries to do justice to the interconnectedness and interdependence so evident in nature by adopting a wholistic approach, which then puts questions of altering nature in an entirely different light.
Altering Nature: Volume One: Concepts of ‘Nature’ and ‘The Natural’ in Biotechnology Debates by B. Andrew Lustig, Baruch A. Brody, Gerald P. McKenny (auth.), B. Andrew Lustig, Baruch A. Brody, Gerald P. McKenny (eds.)