Read e-book online Agricultural Biotechnology in China: Origins and Prospects PDF

By Valerie J. Karplus

ISBN-10: 0387711384

ISBN-13: 9780387711386

ISBN-10: 0387711392

ISBN-13: 9780387711393

Over the final thirty years, China has constructed one of many world’s greatest public study courses in agricultural biotechnology. development on a protracted culture of agricultural advances, chinese language scientists have utilized biotechnology options to boost hundreds of thousands of novel crop forms fitted to neighborhood farming stipulations and demanding situations.

Agricultural Biotechnology in China: Origins and Prospects is a complete exam of ways the origins of biotechnology learn agendas, in addition to the effectiveness of the seed supply procedure and biosafety oversight, support to provide an explanation for present styles of crop improvement and adoption in China. in response to firsthand insights from China’s laboratories and farms, Valerie Karplus and Dr. Xing Wang Deng discover the consequences of China’s funding for the nation’s rural improvement, environmental footprint, in addition to its international medical and monetary competitiveness.

About the Authors

Valerie J. Karplus graduated from Yale collage in 2002 with a Bachelor of technology measure in Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry and Political technology. She lived in China for 2 years, the place she researched the advance and influence of agricultural biotechnology in China whereas dependent on the China Agricultural collage (2002-2003) and nationwide Institute of organic Sciences, Beijing (2005-2006). at present she is pursuing graduate learn on the Massachusetts Institute of know-how.

Dr. Xing Wang Deng is the Daniel C. Eaton Professor of Plant Biology at Yale collage. His clinical paintings specializes in the molecular and genomic foundation for plant improvement and agricultural biotechnology. He additionally serves because the co-director of the nationwide Institute of organic Sciences, Beijing and the founding director of the Peking-Yale Joint examine heart of Plant Molecular Genetics and Agro-biotechnology. He leads a study group that has released good over 100 peer-reviewed articles in his region of research.

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Today, its centers continue to develop and introduce new varieties and train farmers, breeders, and scientists around the globe. Relatively free access to advances generated by publicly-funded agricultural research centers helped the diffusion of the Green Revolution varieties and associated agricultural inputs (Evenson & Gollin, 2003). Much of the research was conducted in publicly funded institutes, which meant that access to advances made through research was not restricted by strong intellectual property rights.

1). This property is due to a phenomenon known as “hybrid vigor” or heterosis. While the scientific basis of heterosis remains elusive, its application has become common in breeding programs around the world. Non-hybrid crops, by contrast, are developed by self-pollination (which produces genetically identical plants), sometimes after establishing new traits through cross-breeding among related or dissimilar strains. 20 2 Modern Science on the Farm: The Green Revolution Fig. 1 Hybrid vigor (heterosis) in corn.

Global consensus on the urgency and importance of shoring up food security also helped to reduce barriers to diffusion of the new agricultural technologies. Averting widespread famine and stabilizing emerging economies in Latin America and Asia were the primary rationale used to mobilize support for the programs (Wu & Butz, 2004). Lack of an organized, widespread opposition to the adoption of these varieties further helped to smooth the road for investments in breeding research programs. Shortcomings and Remaining Challenges Despite considerable measurable benefits, the impact of the Green Revolution was neither universal nor entirely positive.

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Agricultural Biotechnology in China: Origins and Prospects by Valerie J. Karplus

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