By Kathleen L. Slaney Timothy P. Racine
This edited quantity contains contributions from the world over well known specialists within the philosophy of Ludwig Wittgenstein. It applies his later philosophy to concrete concerns bearing on the integrity of medical claims in a large spectrum of study domain names inside modern psychology.
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Extra info for A Wittgensteinian Perspective on the Use of Conceptual Analysis in Psychology
Indeed, when Hacker (this volume) traces the origins of Wittgenstein’s remark about the confusions and barrenness of psychology, he reveals its target to be a claim made by Köhler. Specifically, Wittgenstein objected to Köhler’s thought that, although the psychology of his day suffered from a lack of detailed knowledge of functional relationships of psychological phenomena, a mature science of psychology would emerge when precise functional laws were discovered. Once fully developed, psychology could iron out its conceptual difficulties if psychological phenomena could be functionalized.
Consider that if ST is true, then there are, as a matter-of-fact, no represented laws of folk psychology. The crucial difference between TT and ST is that the latter denies, while the former asserts, that ‘the laws’ that TT imagines are needed to explain our core folk psychological competence are subpersonally represented. ST insists that mindreading only requires using one’s own cognitive machinery to model the mental states of others, obviating the need to represent the laws of folk psychology, at all.
Anticipating this type of reply, Wittgenstein notes and criticizes this common temptation: We feel as if we had to penetrate phenomena: our investigation however is directed not towards phenomena, but, as one might say, towards the ‘possibilities’ of phenomena. We remind ourselves, that is to say, of the kind of statement that we make about phenomena. (PI, §90) To say this is not, of course, to endorse any kind of unwarranted or unworkable idealism or anti-realism. It is simply to note that it is impossible to conduct investigations into any subject without attending to the ways in which we think about and conceive of the topics under investigation.
A Wittgensteinian Perspective on the Use of Conceptual Analysis in Psychology by Kathleen L. Slaney Timothy P. Racine