By James M. Woods
“In a masterful survey of analysis on Catholicism within the South, Woods has performed for that sector what James Hennesey did for the Catholic Church within the usa in American Catholics.”—Gerald P. Fogarty, collage of Virginia
“This is a publication we've lengthy wanted. over the past 4 a long time the heritage of the evangelical culture within the South has been chanced on and lots more and plenty written approximately, however the Catholic measurement of southern non secular background has lagged at the back of within the historiography. eventually here's a synthesis of virtually 3 centuries of the Catholic Church within the region.”—John B. Boles, Rice University
No Christian denomination has had an extended or extra diversified life within the American South than the Catholic Church. The Spanish missions validated in Florida and Texas promoted Catholicism. Catholicism was once the dominant faith one of the French who settled in Louisiana. ahead of the inflow of Irish immigrants within the 1840s, so much American Catholics lived south of the Mason-Dixon line. Anti-Catholic prejudice was once by no means as robust within the South as within the North or Midwest and used to be infrequent within the area prior to the 20 th century.
James Woods’s sweeping historical past stretches from the 1st ecu payment of the continent throughout the finish of the Spanish-American warfare. The publication is split into 3 detailed sections: the colonial period, the early Republic in the course of the annexation of Texas in 1845, and the stormy latter half the 19th century. Woods can pay specific awareness to church/state family, challenge paintings and spiritual orders, the church and slavery, immigration to the South, and the event of Catholicism in a principally Protestant sector. He additionally highlights the contributions and careers of convinced very important southern Catholics, either clerical and lay, and considers how the varied Catholic ethnic and racial teams have expressed their faith—and their citizenship—through the centuries.
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Extra info for A History of the Catholic Church in the American South, 1513-1900
An outlying station where a friar came on Sundays and holy days to celebrate Mass was called a visita. 35 The Spanish Catholic Mission to La Florida, 1513–1763 d 11 On September 23, 1595, eleven Franciscan friars and two lay brothers arrived to begin in earnest the missionary efforts within the Florida province. Fray Francisco Marrón supervised this effort from his headquarters in St. Augustine. Five missions were established north of St. Augustine along the Atlantic coast, including one on Cumberland Island in today’s Georgia, to serve the Timucua natives.
He also gathered the children in the church three days a week for religious instruction. Bishop Martínez Tejada attempted to promote morality by prohibiting gambling and lewd dancing in the taverns, yet he failed to heal the Franciscan division or rejuvenate a moribund mission program. Nevertheless, his good record won him appointments to dioceses in Mexico, first in Yucatán and later Guadalajara (as the Guadalajara diocese covered Spanish Texas at that time, Bishop Martínez Tejada served as a Catholic prelate for Spanish Florida and Texas).
François Le Maire, to serve as visiting pastor from 1712 to 1715. Priests came on rare occasions, yet an octagonal church existed by 1743 as drawn by a French artist. A 1752 hurricane destroyed that building, and a small makeshift structure was used after 1755. Pensacola was mainly a small garrison, and spiritual services were usually conducted by military chaplains. By 1761 there were four hundred soldiers, women, and children stationed there, but most had arrived four years ear- 28 d part i. 110 These soldiers were sent to defend Florida’s western flank from France or England.
A History of the Catholic Church in the American South, 1513-1900 by James M. Woods