By Stephen Colvin
A old Greek Reader offers an advent to the heritage of the traditional Greek language through a sequence of texts with linguistic remark, cross-referenced to one another and to a reference grammar on the entrance. It deals a range of epigraphic and literary texts from the Mycenaean interval (roughly the fourteenth century BC) to the koinГ© (the newest textual content dates to the second one century AD), and encompasses a wide selection of Greek dialect texts. The epigraphic part balances a few recognized inscriptions with fresh discoveries that won't be simply on hand somewhere else; a range of literary texts lines significant advancements within the language of Greek poetry and literary prose. The e-book finishes with an account of the linguistic and sociolinguistic history of koinГ© Greek. The statement assumes no earlier wisdom of Greek ancient linguistics, yet offers a simple quantity of up to date bibliography in order that complicated scholars and others can pursue linguistic matters at better intensity the place beneficial.
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Extra resources for A Historical Greek Reader: Mycenaean to the Koine
3). The new long vowel was written Ε in Att. inscriptions until the VI cent. bc, when the inherited diphthong [ei] simpliﬁed its articulation and became [e:]. g. inﬁn. χειν [ekhe:n] < χε(h)εν). In these cases classical scholarship has traditionally,˙ if inaccurately, referred to the digraph as a ‘spurious diphthong’. The same applies to the digraph ΟΥ, which continues both lengthened omicron and the old diphthong [ou] > [o:]. ; the use of ΟΥ for lengthened [o] spread a little more slowly, and was standard by around 350 bc.
1 1 Bakker (1999), Duhoux (1987). § 1 5 . 1 This transformation has been connected with movements of population in Greece in the centuries following the Mycenaean collapse. There were also far-reaching migrations from Greece to the coast of Asia Minor and the oﬀshore islands during this period, no doubt triggered to some extent by unsettled conditions in Greece. The Greek settlers who occupied Lesbos and the most northerly part of Asia Minor called the region they inhabited ‘Aeolis’: these Aeolians seem to have migrated from Thessaly.
Ancient grammatical sources, and the accentuation of some manuscripts, indicate that the accent in Lesbian was recessive (as close to the beginning of the word as possible, as in the Att. verb). 2 11. 6c). 12. Secondary long e and o merged with the inherited open vowels [ε:] (η) and [ :] (ω). 1 Blümel (1982: 159–61). 2 Probert (2003: 159–60), West (1970b). §35. Consonants 1.
A Historical Greek Reader: Mycenaean to the Koine by Stephen Colvin