By Marian Klamer
Teiwa is a non-Austronesian ('Papuan') language spoken at the island of Pantar, in jap Indonesia, positioned simply north of Timor island. It has approx. 4,000 audio system and is extremely endangered. whereas the non-Austronesian languages of the Alor-Pantar archipelago are essentially relating to one another, as indicated by way of the various obvious cognates and the very comparable pronominal paradigms came upon around the workforce, their genetic courting to different Papuan languages is still debatable. positioned a few 1,000 km from their putative Papuan acquaintances at the New Guinea mainland, the Alor-Pantar languages are the main far-off westerly Papuan outliers. A grammar of Teiwa provides a grammatical description of 1 of those 'outlier' languages. The booklet is based as a reference grammar: after a normal advent at the language, it audio system and the linguistic scenario on Alor and Pantar, the grammar builds up from an outline of the language's phonology and notice periods to its greater grammatical components and their mutual kin: nominal words, serial verb structures, clauses, clause mixtures, and data constitution. whereas many Papuan languages are morphologically complicated, Teiwa is sort of analytic: it has just one paradigm of item marking prefixes, and one verbal suffix marking realis prestige. different typologically attention-grabbing positive aspects of the language contain: (i) the presence of uvular fricatives and forestalls, that's extraordinary for languages of jap Indonesia; (ii) the absence of trivalent verbs: transitive verbs opt for a unmarried (animate or inanimate) item, whereas the extra player is expressed with a separate predicate; and (iii) the absence of morpho-syntactically encoded embedded clauses. A grammar of Teiwa relies on basic box facts, gathered through the writer in 2003-2007. a variety of glossed and translated Teiwa texts of assorted style
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Extra resources for A Grammar of Teiwa (Mouton Grammar Library)
The largest family of Papuan languages that has been proposed is the Trans New Guinea (TNG) family, with about 300 languages (Ross 1995b, 2005). With two million speakers, this family comprises about half the Papuan speaking population (Foley 2000:363). 6). Ross assigns them to the ‘West Trans New Guinea linkage’, which embraces three areas: the western part or the main cordillera of New Guinea (Wissel Lakes, Dani), the Bomberai Peninsula of the Bird’s Head, and parts of Timor, Alor and Pantar.
5). Also, in Teiwa, as in most of the other Papuan languages of Alor and Pantar, we find an opposition inclusive-exclusive for the first person plural. al. 2008). Finally, Teiwa shows traces of a 32 1. Introduction quinary numeral system, which is common among Papuan languages (Aikhenvald and Stebbins 2007:245). 10. 1. The research Methodological approach, data collection and fieldwork The data for this book have been collected on site in three periods of fieldwork. The first fieldwork took place from mid May 2003 to mid August 2003.
The kinship system is thus based on cross-cousins: children of same-sex siblings are classed as siblings, whereas children of opposite-sex siblings are cross-cousins. Classificatory siblings are (of course) not allowed to marry each other. Mother’s brother (n-umer) and father’s sister (na-xaler) are part of other clans. The terms n-ian ‘female cousin’ and na-dias ‘male cousin’ refer to their offspring. The children of ego’s sister are considered as her own children, and referred to as n-oqai ‘my-child’.
A Grammar of Teiwa (Mouton Grammar Library) by Marian Klamer