By Enfield, N.J.
Lao is the nationwide language of Laos, and is additionally spoken largely in Thailand and Cambodia. it's a tone language of the Tai-Kadai kinfolk (Southwestern Tai branch). Lao is an severe instance of the setting apart, analytic language sort. This booklet is the main finished grammatical description of Lao thus far. It describes and analyses the $64000 buildings of the language, together with classifiers, sentence-final debris, and serial verb buildings. targeted consciousness is paid to grammatical subject matters from a semantic, pragmatic, and typological standpoint.
Read or Download A Grammar of Lao PDF
Similar instruction books
The JACT examining Greek path has been written for novices within the top tuition, at collage and in grownup schooling. It goals to let scholars to learn 5th- and fourth-century Attic Greek, Homer and Herodotus, with a few fluency and intelligence in a single to 2 years. the most medium of studying is a continuing, graded Greek textual content, tailored from unique resources.
Cambridge younger newcomers English assessments are designed to judge the English point of basic newbies elderly 7-12. they supply step one in the direction of the Cambridge ESOL major suite assessments (e. g. KET, puppy, and FCE). The Student's publication includes 3 complete color Flyers previous papers from Cambridge ESOL. a solution ebook and CD containing the audio for the listening paper can be found individually.
Written for youths, English in brain creates an inspiring studying adventure for secondary scholars. every little thing, from the alternative of creative themes, texts and workouts to the horny layout is completely matched to scholars' pursuits, age and talent. It offers a fantastic foundation for potent language studying via a robust specialize in grammar and vocabulary.
Shughni is an important member of a bunch of jap Iranian dialects spoken within the Pamirs, now quite renowned, principally due to the paintings of Soviet students. This team has retained numerous historical Iranian phrases, and the dialect edition of phonetical improvement permits us in lots of instances to reconstruct extra archaic types than the current ones.
- Teach Yourself German Reader
- Allen and Greenough's New Latin Grammar
- Take Control of the Noisy Class: From chaos to calm in 15 seconds
- Beginner's Hindi script
- Differentiated Instruction for English Language Learners, Level II
- Essential Grammar In Use: A Self-Study Reference and Practice Book for elementary students of English
Extra resources for A Grammar of Lao
Scholarly works dedicated to linguistic analysis of Lao in the twentieth century are few. In the 1940s, Edward G. Roffe published a concise structuralist account of Lao phonemic structure (Roffe 1946). In the early 1970s, Morev et al (1972) published a grammar of Lao in Russian. From around the same time, a number of scholars associated with Nguyen Dang Liem and others working in the tagmemic tradition at the University of Hawaii made passing references to Lao in broader discussions of grammatical features of Southeast Asian languages (Capell 1979, Nguyen 1974, 1979, Clark 1974).
Generally, Hospitalier used French grammatical categories as a guide for analyzing Lao. For example, he calls nominal classiﬁers in one of their functions ‘articles’, in another ‘cat´egories les plus usit´ees’. He lists stative verbs as adjectives with sub-types like ‘determinative adjective’. For its time, the Hospitalier grammar was an impressive achievement, and it has hardly been bettered in the 70 years since. Reinhorn’s (1980) grammar shows some evidence of its more modern intellectual context, with greater attention paid to features of phonological structure such as tones and the set of contrasts in vowel space.
Also Trongdee 1996). The most recent grammatical description of Lao is a German language grammar written by Boike Rehbein and Sisouk Sayaseng (2004). These two had earlier created a language learning course book (Sayaseng and Rehbein 1997), followed by a dictionary (Rehbein and Sayaseng 12 Language background 2000). Their short grammar whose sub-title is ‘phonology, morphology, and pragmatics’ is a useful inventory of basic structures and grammatical forms. , ideophones; see Chapter 12 of this book).
A Grammar of Lao by Enfield, N.J.