By David Thorne
This dossier incorporates a choice of pages as a rule referring to phonology, morpho-phonology, proverbs and bibliography from «A entire Welsh Grammar (Reference Grammars)» via David Thome - a advisor to modern Welsh utilization and takes its examples from modern literary sources.
Этот файл - часть грамматического справочника Валлиийского языка (иначе называемом уэльским), включающий некоторые его разделы, и именно разделы по фонологии, морфемики, а также пословицы и поговорки, библиографию.
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Extra info for A Comprehensive Welsh Grammar
With retroflexion of -s after -i- and of t- after but later -is t- due to the word boundary. The phonotactics of Old Indo-Aryan generally disallow vowel sequences except at word boundaries, where hiatus sequences like -a ā- are allowed, but permit both clusters of different consonants and geminates. Indeed, one of the noteworthy features of Old Indo-Aryan is the doubling of consonants, as in tattra (tatra) ‘there’, to give a syllable transition. g. Kuiper 1991:51–4), however, geminates in underlying forms of lexical items are rare in early Indo-Aryan.
Devour’. g. Vedic bhasati [3sg. ]), and it shows the effects of Grassmann’s Law, whereby an aspirate is deaspirated in a syllable immediately preceding a syllable with an aspirate. The same rule accounts for bi-bhar-ti ‘bears’ as opposed to the Vedic intensive bhari-bhar-ti, with bhari- since the immediately following syllable does not have an aspirate. In earliest Indo-Aryan, the bases of dugdha- ‘milked’, buddha- ‘awakened’ also had initial aspirates, reflected in forms such as (3sg. fut. ), bhotsyate (3sg.
Sg. sg. sg. 30]), who refers to the merger and in the Pāli use of formal instrumental plurals in locative function (Lüders 1954:152–6, Oberlies 1997:2). Together with the extensive use of postpositions, the late Middle Indo-Aryan developments approach the Modern Indo-Aryan contrast of direct and oblique forms, with postpositions. Postpositions themselves were in use from earliest Indo-Aryan, indeed from Indo-Iranian times. 3(1), (3)). Even the Prākrit use of -to in complex case forms of the type has parallels in earlier Indo-Aryan, where the already has ‘under foot’, with the suffix -tas—which serves as an alternative to ablative endings—following the locative plural patsu, ‘lying at the feet’.
A Comprehensive Welsh Grammar by David Thorne